About This Site

NeuralTubeDefect.com is an educational website dedicated to providing information about this most common form of birth defect.  There are several types of neural tube malformations that develop as congenital defects; spina bifida is the best known and most frequently occurring NTD.  We have assembled accurate information on these defects, all of which have to do with the failure of the “neural tube” to close during a child’s gestation.

The neural tube is simply the tube formed around the spinal cord by the vertebrae and the discs between them.  When this tube fails to take full shape and enclose the spinal cord or areas of the brain just above it, one of several types of defects develop in the newborn infant.  Included in the definition of NTDs are conditions that involve incomplete development of the skull as well, which results in lack of protection for the central nervous system within the cranium.

Our site presents information on these several types of defects: how they are formed, how they are treated, and most important – what causes them to occur.  The uptick in NTD birth defects in recent years has been assigned in part to widespread use of several types of popular medications.  On this website you will find a review of the clinical research that has been done which has established the relationship between environmental conditions for the mother and the occurrence of a NTD in the infant.

What You’ll Find Here:


Clear explanation of the most common forms of neural tube defects, as they are defined by the American Medical Association and pediatric specialists.  There are several sub-categories for these afflictions, as well as a general division for all types of neural tube defects into either open or closed malformations.  These are the most common names you’ll find for NTDs and for the information in our files

  • Spina Bifida
  • Anencephaly
  • Encephaloceles
  • Hydranencephaly
  • Iniencephaly


There are dozens of treatment centers and research facilities that have developed expertise in working with infants who have a NTD.  There are also additional support organizations formed by medical professionals or, in many cases, parents who have experience in creating a life for a child born with a neural tube defect.  Our collection of resources will provide you with websites, locations, contacts, and suggestions for finding the type of assistance you need.

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